The artificial intelligence revolution will affect a quarter of the economy's workers: this is the industry that will be particularly affected

The Taub Center for Social Policy Research in Israel publishes this morning (Thursday) a study examining the level of exposure to artificial intelligence in the Israeli labor market and its characteristics. For this purpose, researchers Michael Davoy , Prof. Gil Epstein , Prof. Benny Bentel , Prof. Avi Weiss and Prof. Alex Weinerv used several indicators to assess the expected impact of artificial intelligence on the labor market in Israel.

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Unsurprisingly, the study found that as the level of education increases, so does the frequency of occupation in occupations exposed to artificial intelligence. The manual workers in the distinct hi-tech industries (finance and insurance, information and communication, and professional, scientific and technical services), as well as the real estate industry, are exposed to artificial intelligence much more than the average in the economy – over 90% of the workers in these industries are engaged in manual trades with a higher than average level of exposure. That is, the exposure to artificial intelligence in the construction, transportation, food services and agriculture sectors is significantly lower than the average.

משרדי הייטק, אילוסטרציה (צילום: נתי שוחט פלאש 90)
High-tech offices, illustration (Photo: Nati Shohat Flash 90)

In total, it was found that about 30% of workers in Israel (about 1.3 million people) are in a situation of high positive exposure to artificial intelligence – that is, it is expected to improve and optimize their work, and for about 23% (about a million people) artificial intelligence is expected to endanger the workplace . For the rest of the employees, the exposure is low, so the question of substitutability is not significant. Educated workers who are exposed to artificial intelligence are expected to benefit from it, while less educated workers who are exposed to it are expected to be harmed.

The study shows that artificial intelligence is expected to benefit workers in high-tech industries, for example software developers. On the other hand, in the finance and insurance industry, which is also characterized by a high level of exposure, an overwhelming majority of employees are expected to be affected; Artificial intelligence will replace many of the agents and analysts in the industry, and even some of the accounting and legal professionals. In the education sector, most of the workers exposed to artificial intelligence are expected to benefit from it – the development of relevant and up-to-date tools will help teachers with tasks such as preparing lesson plans and reviewing tests and papers – and only a negligible percentage is expected to be harmed by it.


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